Ketamine is getting recognition from researchers and doctors as the most significant new development in psychiatry, given its high efficacy for treating depression. After the US Food and Drug Administration approved it in 1970 as an anesthetic and safe alternative to phencyclidine, its use increased. People used it more and more for recreational purposes, and the effect was severe.
Later on, in the years between 2000 and 2001, researchers found that ketamine had potent, fast-acting, and long-term effects in depression. The doctors concluded that with the right amount of the drug application, patients were likely to see changes in their conditions after 4 hours that peaked at 72 hours, and lasted for 1-2 weeks.
Subsequently, the results from several trials revealed that ketamine is practical and offers long-lasting treatment. It works to treat conditions of bi-polar, major depressive disorders and produces anti-suicidal and anti-anhedonia effects in mood disorders.
Going forward, ketamine treatment for depression has worked to help in the reduction of suicidal and life-threatening thoughts. Plus, it works to relieve other symptoms of depression and treating depression combined with anxiety. It has overcome other depression treatment options because of its timeline efficacy. It offers a long-lasting solution that does not give users the stress of looking for alternatives.
How Ketamine Works
There is no general formula on how ketamine works. However, if someone seeks a doctor’s help, they will get a series of therapeutic sessions to determine their case and the right amount of drug for them. During consultations with a professional medical doctor, patients will get desirable guidance on how to get treatment.
The doctor will weigh on some critical factors that limit or allow the patient to obtain the treatment. On limits, the doctor will check on medical history, especially one related to ketamine. If a patient is a past unsuccessful user of ketamine, there are fewer chances of using it again. Also, active substance abuse users will not be allowed to get the treatment.
Adults with moderate to severe depression, individuals with bipolar and personality disorders are the right candidates for ketamine treatment for depression. The doctor is the one who can come to this conclusion before prescribing the right amount of medication for patients. Often, the doctors infuse the drug in the bodies of patients, and this process takes one hour or less.
Possible Side Effects of Ketamine
It will be a lie to say that ketamine is perfect. Just like any other drug, ketamine has a wealth of adverse effects. However, the benefits of the drug outweigh the risks by far. But for health awareness, it is good to understand the threats. If ketamine is given by infusion, it may cause the following.
- High blood pressure
- Nausea and vomiting
- Perceptual disturbances
- Bodily dissociation
Perception disturbances and dissociation are mostly noticeable during the infusion but end quickly afterward.
Consequently, more use of the drug can cause other side effects. Therefore, it is advisable that users avoid frequent use, instead develop a healthy life, and intuitively heal from any emotional or psychological disturbance.