Knowing a woman’s fertile period is very important, especially if you and your partner are planning to have children. The reason, in the fertile period, the chances of pregnancy will be greater.
A woman’s fertile period, or ovulation, is the time when a mature egg is released and then fertilized by sperm in the uterus. The chances of getting pregnant will be higher if the sperm has been in the fallopian tube during the fertile period.
How to know a woman’s fertile period
There are four ways you can do to find out when a woman’s fertile period. Two of them are methods that do not require any tools, while the other two require tools.
If you are a woman who is planning a pregnancy with a partner, here’s how to find out when you are most fertile:
1. Using the calendar method to knowing fertile period
To check a woman’s fertile period using this method, the first thing you should do is find out when you had your period last month or this month.
A woman’s fertile period will occur about 2-5 days before ovulation. However, each woman’s ovulation period can be different, depending on the length of her menstrual cycle. For example, if your average menstrual cycle is 28 days, ovulation usually occurs on days 12 to 14 after the first day of your period.
However, unfortunately this calendar method is not suitable if you have an irregular menstrual cycle. This method is also not suitable if your menstrual cycle is less than 26 days or more than 32 days.
2. Checking cervical mucus
Before ovulation, the vagina will secrete more mucus than usual. Mucus which indicates that your body is in a very fertile condition has clear characteristics such as egg white, watery, and comes out in considerable amounts.
If you want to use this method, you can start paying attention and note the condition of the mucus that comes out of your intimate organs since 1 day after menstruation ends.
At this time, avoid cleaning your vagina with a special feminine hygiene soap because it can affect the mucus from your vagina, making it difficult to check for mucus.
3. Measuring basal body temperature
Basal body temperature is the temperature when the body is at rest. When you enter ovulation, your basal body temperature will usually experience a slight increase, around 0.5 degrees Celsius.
The best way to measure your basal temperature is right after you wake up in the morning, that is, before you get out of bed. We recommend that you also use a thermometer that is specifically for measuring basal body temperature, so that the results are more accurate.
Do this every morning and record the results, so you can see patterns and predict your fertile period. However, don’t take your basal body temperature when you have a fever as it will be inaccurate.
4. Using an ovulation predictor tool
A woman’s fertile period can also be known by using an ovulation predictor tool (ovulation test pack). You just drip your urine sample into this tool, and later it will read whether you are fertile or not. You can buy an ovulation predictor kit at the nearest pharmacy, without a doctor’s prescription.
For couples who are planning to have children, a woman’s fertile period can be the right time to have sex. On the other hand, avoid sexual intercourse during these times if you are not planning to get pregnant or are using natural birth control methods.
If you still don’t understand how to know a woman’s fertile period, you can consult a doctor to get more information as well as undergo a fertility check.